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The Making of the Wooden Lacrosse Stick

25 de Noviembre de 2023 a las 10:04

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By Gary Groob Columnist and Co-Host of NLL Talk on Spanglish Sports World and Spanglish World Networks


TORONTO. - With the passing of Alfie Jacques back in the spring, I thought it would be a great time to chronicle everything it took to make the traditional Haudenosaunee lacrosse stick.  Looking at all the love, effort, and craftsmanship from these very talented men.


In the modern game, we have gotten used to everyone using plastic sticks, manufactured by machine, but still strung by hand, but that wasn't the lineage that the game came from.  From the beginning of the Creator's game, it was always wooden sticks used, created by talented men such as Alfie Jacques. 


A few years ago, I had the privilege of going to a wooden stick festival in Onanadaga, New York.  I met up with Alfie, who was kind enough to take the time to both tell me and show me what went into designing and building the wooden lacrosse stick.


Jacques was the premiere manufacturer of hand made wooden lacrosse sticks for over fifty years.  Based in Onandaga nation (just outside of Syracuse, NY), people came from all over the world to buy his sticks.


The process of making a wooden Lacrosse stick is quite amazing, and a heck of a lot of work:


The first thing Alfie did was cut down a Shag Bark Hickory Tree with no branches for eight feet of trunk (which means the trees are usually 75 years or older).  Although Oak is a tough wood, when hammering a nail into the wood, Oak will split, Hickory doesn't have that problem, Hickory will actually bend the's that hard of a wood.


The next step is splitting the tree into wedges which takes about two to three months to dry.  Alfie uses a big metal axe and wooden mallets to split the wood.


Then comes carving the stick. Carving takes about a month.


Next, Alfie steamed the sticks to get the bend in them.  Although it seems like there would be leveraged to do so, it really is a tough task to get it just right.  This takes another month (depending how humid the weather is) for the sticks to dry and take.  When Alfie bent the sticks he used wire (like hanger wire) placing it from the head to the shaft to keep it from moving. 


Another piece of information is that he used the end closest to the trunk of the tree to bend, the reason is that the other end is just too stiff to maneuver.


The sticks then got hand strung.


The entire process takes about ten months to make a quality stick.


On a side note, nothing from the tree goes to waste.  If pieces are not being used in the stick, they are used for the steaming process (heating up the water to make steam).


Jacques worked six days per week and crafted roughly 200 sticks per year, down from a peak of nearly 12,000 per year in the early 1970s, when he worked with his father.


“It’s getting harder to do but it’s not debilitating,” said Jacques, explaining the toll the work takes on his right hand and shoulder. “I can still do everything, I can still make a perfect stick, but it’s getting harder to do.”


Jacques signed all of his sticks, but showing his sense of humor he smiled when telling me, when he made a left handed stick...he signed it backwards.


The cost was approximately $300 US and was well worth the money. 


The mark Alfie left definitely made the Creator proud.  He was able to train a number of people in his life to carry on the tradition.  The Creator's Game is still in very good hands.